There are more than a hundred nationalities living in Russia. Indigenous peoples in Russia are now officially considered as 30 small-numbered nations which historically are settled in the huge territory of the North from the White sea in the west up to Bering Strait in the east. Each northern ethnic group has it own history and problems. They vary much from each other by number type of settlement, presence or absence of their own autonomy, ethnicity, geographical and climate condition, language etc. They practice a wide range of economic activities such as hunters, reindeer breeders, fishermen and gatherers. In their recent past their subsistence economies provided them with clothing, food and transportation. The social organization of the Northern indigenous peoples was based on kinship, which established the rights, duties, and responsibilities of all group members for each other. Social and economic relationships and belief systems were integrated into a worldview in which relationships between the land, the natural resources, and the human groups were inseparable. Their traditional education was based on traditional knowledge and was transmitted from generation to generation.
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- Author/Editor: Meschtyb, Nina; King, Linda
Adult education and indigenous peoples in Russia
- Available in: English