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In many developing countries, literacy has been seen as the key to 'women's development' resulting in a proliferation of women's literacy programmes run by both Governments and Non-Governmental Organisations. Nepal is one such example of a country where literacy programmes have been used extensively as an entry point for involving women in development activities.

Since the 1990 Jomtien Conference on Education for ALL (EFA) up to the Beijing World Conference of Women in 1995, education of women has been thrust in the center of government and NGO’s pronouncements, as they acknowledged the importance of providing women equal access to school and other educational opportunities.