Every 12 years, UNESCO organises the International Congress on Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET). The first one took place in Berlin in 1987, the second in Seoul 1999, and the third International Congress was held in Shanghai 13–16 May 2012.
The main working document of the most recent Congress was entitled “Transforming Technical and Vocational Education and Training – Building Skills for Work and Life”. It dealt with Global developments and their implications for TVET; Analytical lenses; Policy areas; Challenges and advancing frontiers, and Partnerships for transforming TVET.
UIL Director Arne Carlsen was responsible for the UNESCO team to support the General Rapporteur’s Oral Report, and Director David Atchoarena from UNESCO Headquarters in Paris for supporting the Written Report. There were more than 700 participants from more than 100 countries.
Many plenary sessions and round tables dealt with TVET in relation to sustainable and inclusive development, and with the need to transform TVET.
The General Rapporteur’s Oral Report included headings such as Transforming TVET to our changing world The need for a paradigm shift regarding skills development; Policy coherence and governance; Responsiveness of TVET in an increasingly unpredictable world; Sustainable development; Social equity and inclusion; The need for integrated policy approaches to skills development; National and regional qualification frameworks for lifelong learning; Multiple pathways to ensure effective transition of youth from school to work; Financing of TVET and Bridging the gap between research and policy development.
The written report focused on Recommendations such as Enhancing relevance of TVET; Expanding access and improving quality and equity; Adapting qualifications and developing pathways; Improving the evidence-base; Strengthening governance and expanding partnerships; Increasing investment in TVET and diversifying financing and Advocating for TVET.